The outbreaks of civil conflicts in South Sudan from December 2013 resulted into influx of refugees in Northern and West Nile region of Uganda. It is estimated that over 800,000 South Sudanese refugees have settled in Uganda by December 2018. Most of these refugees have been settled majorly in the West Nile districts of Yumbe, Arua, Adjumani, Koboko and Moyo. The Office of Prime Minister (OPM), the UN and its agencies supporting refugees, several NGOs, host communities, development partners among other actors have invested tremendous amount of resources including money, medicines, food, land, clothing’s among others to ensure that refugees access basic services, necessities and settle with dignity in Uganda. However, this huge refugee’s influx comes with a lot of environmental, ecological, habitation, food security and sustainable livelihood challenges both for the refugees and host communities including conflicts, environmental degradation, severe food shortages and degradation of livelihood options.

 

Sign of Hope (SoH), an international, interdenominational human rights and relief organization, received funding from the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and contracted Adraa Agriculture College (Adraa) located in Nebbi Catholic Diocese, Uganda to implement a project aimed at improving food security, livelihoods and promotion of peaceful coexistence of South Sudanese refugees and host communities in West Nile region, Northern Uganda. The specific objectives of the project include; improving communities’ livelihood skills by increasing agricultural productivity and climate-smart production practices/technologies, and promoting sustainable farming skills and increasing resilience of communities through alternative and off-farm livelihood systems for increased incomes, credit and market access. The project targets 1,675 households (13,400 beneficiaries) from host communities and refugees in the districts of Arua and Yumbe. The project's target group consists of 70% Southern Sudanese refugees and 30% of the host community population.

The overall goal of the project is to improve food security and livelihoods and promotion of the peaceful coexistence of South Sudanese refugees and host communities in West Nile region. The specific objectives of the project include; improving communities’ livelihood skills by increasing agricultural productivity and climate-smart production technologies, and promoting sustainable farming skills and increasing resilience of community through alternative and off-farm livelihood systems for increased incomes, credit and market access. The project targets 1,675 households (13,400 beneficiaries) from host communities and refugees in the districts of Arua and Yumbe. The project's target group consists of 70% Southern Sudanese refugees and 30% of the host community population. To achieve the goal and the specific objectives of the project, activities have been developed that will work towards three key results areas as follows;

 

§  Result 1:1,675 households (of which at least 50% are households run by women) use improved sustainable methods in agriculture;

§  Result 2:1,675 households have improved incomes through alternative sources of income, support for self-employment, the creation of value chains and the development of collective economic structures;

§  Result 3: The peaceful coexistence and resilience of beneficiary communities to external shocks are strengthened